Investment resources of the State with democratic participation of people from the investment policy, implementation and supervision has created a new face for the uplands. Infrastructure is essential construction, people are in support of production and training, support services, improve and enhance life; power level is raised. Capital resources allocated in the period 456 billion disbursed properly address, plans to create new capabilities for citizens and governments in economic development - social, poverty reduction and sustainable ...
Direct focus, increasing decentralization
Program 135 (phase II), Yen Bai province, 65 villages and 157 communes with special difficulties (special difficulty-hit) of the 45 communes of 8 districts involved, the beneficiaries. Yen Bai province has consolidated 135 Program Steering Committee and Provincial Committee for Ethnic Minorities Affairs for the province to become permanent. Steering Committee (PSC) has issued a decision on implementation of the roadmap framework and criteria for classification especially difficult communes in ethnic minority areas and mountainous conditions, the level of development, making provisions the work of maintenance and construction work on the area of the town, villages, special difficulty-hit, the level of support plant and animal breeding, production materials, plant support, production models, materials, agricultural product processing and preservation ...
The province has implemented training and dissemination of documents to members of the Program Steering provinces, districts and other agencies and organizations concerned to strengthen regular direct operations, administration, management, understanding information and exchange two-dimensional situation, timely settlement of all remaining facilities. District has implemented training, capacity building training management mechanism for the industry steering committee member district, commune, village and community to review and consider the social achievement of the objective taken out of the investment program, distributed re-graded to suit the regional communes and villages continue to offer special difficulty-hit government's investment into the Program 135 Phase II.
Implementation of decentralization, the provincial People's C
mmittee has delegated to the district People's Committee approved the report of the technical and economic construction of the building component of essential infrastructure; assigned to the CPC as an investor (construction project infrastructure) a number of works, works are small, simple techniques to adapt to the mechanism of program management. Năm 2008, có 53 xã được phân cấp làm chủ đầu tư. In 2008, there were 53 social hierarchy as an investor.
2009 and 2010, the province has been allocated to social investment ownership of development projects to support production and construction of essential infrastructure of the villages under the extremely difficult communes II, support the improve services, improve the living conditions, legal aid, legal awareness raising and capital maintenance, maintenance of the investment process.
Democracy promotion, capacity building for commune, village and community
Principles of democracy, from public facilities, under the motto "people know, people discuss, people do and people supervise" was promoted. As the project supports the development of production conducted in communes, villages, special difficulty-hit - and commenting upon households own decision to select plant varieties and animal breeds suitable conditions for cultivation, production and family local. After 4 years, the program has supported plant varieties and animal breeds to 25,749 weekly household expenditure on 12.5 billion, 98.4% of the plan support equipment for 12,872 weekly household expenditure 16,254 million to reach 89.05% of the plan to build support for the model 183, a total cost of 4608.16 million, reaching 98% of the plan. End of 2009, the number of poor households were commenting upon beneficiaries are 68,447 households weekly.
With construction projects of essential infrastructure, the construction work by the people decided to choose. A new feature is the pilot province has allocated a number of small-scale works for the CPC as an investor. Alone investment projects in villages, since 2006 - 2009 has been 89 km of road investments and construction works 16 bridges, underground, repair, and new canals and dams to retain water service works 14 130 ha of irrigation water for farming, investment in 18 power projects, construction of 44 housing and community ...
The investment in social works, has invested 172 km of roads, construction works 28 bridges, underground repair, and new canals and dams to retain water 60 projects, 23 electricity projects of investment, construction and public dung16 works with 45 classrooms and housing for teachers and students ...
Management capacity building, implementation of the commune, village officials, and community, the Provincial Ethnic Minorities Committee guidelines for selection of thematic compilation, into the training program is consistent with the local. Separate classes focus on provincial Committee for Ethnic Minorities as an investor shall contract with the professional schools to compile documents, open class in the training content to suit each specialized training and retraining. Kits according to Decision on 07.19.2007 04/2007/QD-UBDT of CEM was completed and put into service for training and retraining for the district. National or provincial board and complete a number of topics under the responsibility of the locality.
From the year 2006 - 2009, held 488 training classes, training, training for commune, village and community with 25,187 participants respectively; commune officials, village lop/7.450 142 students and enhancing community capacity class 321 / 16,970 students; vocational training for ethnic minority youth ages 16-25 are 25 lop/767 students. Steering Committee at all levels and agencies of the provincial standing collaboration with Vocational College, School of Economics - Provincial Technical classes of primary agricultural engineering, forestry training nurses hamlet training generate primary electric service traffic officer commune.
The district shall coordinate with the Career Center open local vocational training classes for 767 young people turn from ethnic minorities to the profession in line with local conditions and the list of Department of Labor job training action - Invalids and Social Affairs.
Contributed to faster poverty reduction
Program 135 (phase II) deployed at more positive results, promote economic development - economic development in special difficulty-hit. Infrastructure necessary to promote efficiency, create favorable conditions for trade in people trafficking, increasing the area of water reclamation farming change people's lives special difficulty-hit areas of rural communes. 100% of communes have roads to the center (going back 65% of the season), over 50% of villages with road vehicles to the center, the irrigation water to ensurestability for the 75% of the area field, over 70% of households using clean water. The cultural sector - in the society is constantly strengthened and developed, the program has helped reduce poverty in the province each year over 3%. The communes have completed compulsory secondary school education; public health care for people's health is concerned, spiritual and cultural life of the people is being improved, improved.
Allocation situation, raise capital Program 135 (phase II)
- Allocate, mobilize capital: total capital allocation for the central provinces from 2006 to 2010 was 456,034.9 million.
+ From 2006 to 2009 was 329,279.9 million, including development project to support production of 45,947 million VND project to build infrastructure 216,966 million; project to train 14,813 million Project supported support services, improve and enhance people's lives 42,277.9 million; Maintenance works after 8560 million investment, fund management and direction 776 million
. + The amount allocated in 2010 was 126,755 million, of which project to support the development of production: 25,450 million VND project to build infrastructure: 89,200 million dong; Training Project: 5745 million; project support services, improve and enhance people's life: 400 million. Maintenance of the project after investment: 5,326 million; funding, management and direction: 634 million.
(Source: Yen Bai)
[Translator: Nguyen Thi Huong]