Implementation of the Program 135 Phase II, in four years, the Prime Minister issued decision approving four communes with special difficulties, the social boundaries, social security and authorizes the Minister-Chairman Committee for Ethnic Minorities issued two decisions approving the hamlet extremely difficult under the social sector II to be invested under the Program 135 Phase II. Specifically through the following years: 2006, 1644 communes with special difficulties, in 2007 the 1799 Commune, in 2008 the 1946 Commune, in 2009 was 1839 and in 2010 the commune is the commune 1848. Number of areas with special difficulties in 2008 and 2009 are 3149 villages, 3274 villages in 2010 is. From 2007 to 2009, the cooperative enough basic criteria have been included in the investment review and add new communal administrative boundaries separated by the Decree of the Government. After four years of implementation have been considered, decisions on the additional investment of 314 social programs. In general the inclusion of villages and hamlets to be invested under the Program 135 Phase II was commenting upon the criteria from the grassroots, ensure the openness, unity, so no action occurs, contributing to stable security, political and social order and safety in the area of ethnic minority and mountainous areas.
Program 135 phase II implemented in the years impacted by recession, inflation, severe natural disasters, but the Government has committed to higher allocation for the program, investment in social capital be increased: from 860 million per commune per year (2006-2007) to 1064 million per commune per year (2008-2009) and to 1364 million per commune per year (2010). In five years, the central budget has allocated 14,024.25 billion, by 108.5% compared with the capital plan in the program documents, including project capital for infrastructure construction in 8646 billion ; capital development projects to support production on the 1946 billion; funds for training projects on the 576 billion; capital for improving the life policy in 1906 billion ...
By expanding both the beneficiaries and the number of components should be 135 Phase II program to diversify the resources for implementation. Including the mobilization of external resources from international organizations: the 7th International donors pledged to support $ 450 million (equivalent to 7800 billion) for the program by the method of budget support to increase investment funding to support the 135 program. To date, donors have transferred the $ 300 million (equivalent to 5100 billion) into the State budget to allocate funds for Phase II of Program 135 according to the norms stipulated in the Decision of the Prime Minister . Remaining funds will continue to move into the state budget upon completion of policy actions undertaken.
On domestic resources, although many provinces are poor, but budget problems in 4 years, has arranged additional 635 billion from the local budget for commune and village difficulties (about 4.5 % of total capital for the program), as typical of the provinces of Hoa Binh, Tuyen Quang, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Quang Ninh, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Khanh Hoa, Ca Mau ... Most localities are assigned to the departments of provinces and departments of the district to help implement a social program, and integrate programs to provide funding support for infrastructure construction, only maintenance works after the investment, support plant and animal materials to develop production and solve the pressing problems of life for people.
Another solution is to mobilize community contributions. According to local reports, the average contribution rate of the population accounting for 10-15% of total investment projects, especially the provinces of Cao Bang, Lao Cai, Yen Bai, Bac Giang, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Soc Trang, Bac Lieu ... there are individual works in the community contributed 50% of the value of the works (some of the community activities of Yen Bai); People contributed mainly by labor day, donated land for construction works, exploitation of local materials, ...
The program's success to date is changed fundamental aspects of rural ethnic minority areas, especially mountainous difficult life of ethnic minorities has been gradually improving, the poverty rate decreased rapidly; educational level is raised, practices and production techniques of ethnic minorities is a change in the direction of commodity production and the ratio of villages have electricity, roads, classrooms, houses of culture , increased irrigation, staff training facilities, training capacity to meet the management and administration of local development, particularly the committees, local administrations is enhanced, security political security, social security disability itself is maintained. In particular, more than four years of implementation, the provinces have asked the Central Steering Committee for decision for the 110 communes completed their goal, get rid of the Investment Programme 135 Phase II.
In a report to send Congress Standing Committee recently, CEM is a standing body of the Central Steering Committee for Programme 135 Phase II, said the program is the international community, especially donor funding for the program (World Bank, Finland, Irelan, AusAid, the EC, UNDP ...) concerns and evaluation of poverty reduction program is the most comprehensive, the most popular, followed the principle of transparency, low loss best, most effective people throughout the country agree, and have been many Government and international organizations to observe, learn and share experiences.
(Source: Newsletter Program 135 - No. 9 / 2010)
[Translator: Dao Hong Kim Trang]