The program of economic development - economic development in particularly difficult areas of ethnic minority and mountainous areas (Programme 135), Phase II will end later this year. In recent years, 135 programs have contributed significantly change the face of economic - the economic and social areas in remote areas, areas with special difficulties. However, according to Mr. Ha Hung, Deputy Chairman of the Nationalities Committee, there are still many issues to solve in the future to achieve higher efficiency.
PV: Can you tell us some highlights of the results of Program 135 Phase II?
Mr. Ha Hung: So far, 135 Phase II program has local support for 14,000 billion VND to build 4125 model of agricultural development and fisheries; shopping on 42,000 machines for production, processing variables, building on 12,000 training projects, capacity building and fostering local officials. CEMA has trained 3,500 officials to participate in weekly management program 135 from provincial to district level. On average, each local training, fostering knowledge of administrative management, economics, project supervision for 178 turns of commune and villages. Established 1500 the club was legal assistance to the communes under Program 135 Phase II ...
PV: Phase II Program 135 communes to encourage investors. The cooperative invested significant how, sir?
Mr. Ha Hung: If not assigned strongly decentralized social investor, the operating capacity of commune authorities will not grow. Furthermore, the social investor will make the program more close. Program 135 was designed in the direction people know, people discuss, people do, people check. When the commune investment ownership, the conditions will be participating in the project from the planning stage, ensuring the implementation projects more effective.
PV: In fact, the implementation of Programme 135 Phase II in some localities faced with many obstacles such as slow disbursements, the program has not had many models, our support from a number of projects not yet derived from the needs of the people. He has commented about this?
Mr. Ha Hung: Through monitoring, evaluation and audit of the organization each year from central to local shows, just as there are a few localities in the implementation of Programme 135 Phase II also on issues . Those local authorities which are not fully aware of the 135 program, skipping the process of construction projects with the participation of the people, not the investor wishes of the people. Program 135 allows a local production of building models with high economic efficiency, the model points to the local people and others to study. However, the dissemination and replication of the model is not effective as desired, by the implementation needs a large amount of capital. lIn addition, each locality has a different characteristics, can not apply the same model.
PV: The legal aid for local people has not been good, where the main cause?
Mr. Ha Hung: Capital of legal aid for a very low social, 2 million per year per commune. So, if not integrate the local legal aid from the Program 135 with the legal assistance program other it is difficult to achieve high efficiency.
PV: As a direct program 135 from the beginning, please tell us the experience to ensure the implementation of the program is successful?
Mr. Ha Hung: Program 135 bring good results, first, local governments have the right perception about the purpose and significance of the program and guidance in implementing drastic. Second, the project must mobilize the participation of people from the project to monitor implementation. Addtion, attention must be paid professional training, professional management staff, the management, investors participating in the project from the Program 135.
PV: It is known that Committee for Ethnic minorities are building program document socio-economic development of communes, villages, special difficulties, the ethnic minorities in mountainous period 2011 - 2015 and orientation to in 2020 to the Prime Minister in this August. Can you tell us new points of the program?
Programme 135 Phase II (conducted from 2006 - 2010) was implemented in 1848 communes with special difficulties, and 3274 villages in extremely difficult communes of Region II. The goal is to strive for in 2010 there will be no hungry households, reducing poverty to below 30% in 2009 ... At the end, 135 Phase II program has achieved some targets: 100% people demand for legal aid assistance free of charge, the poverty rate dropped to 31.2%. (Source: Finance and Budget Committee of Congress)
Mr. Ha Hung: A new feature of the program is written in poor, disadvantaged communes have access to preferential loans more favorable than for investment in production. The program will classify each communes with special difficulties, which have coefficients different allocation of capital. The program also interested in knowledge for more people. The construction of infrastructure: roads, electricity, schools, stations are more concerned ...; the assignment for the investor base will be made more strongly.
PV: Approaches in the new program is different from the second phase, sir?
Mr. Ha Hung: The method to approach in the new program will identify those entitled to milestone acceptance policy, which it made on the basis of targets in each area and allocate funds to come current goals in his five-year period. In the new period, special attention to poverty, poor living standards, create conditions for the poor in difficult areas can escape poverty sustainably.
Thank you!. /.
(Source: http://vovnews.vn/ )
[Translator: Kim Trang]