If the period 2001 - 2005, we implemented the program poverty alleviation - job, then move into the period 2006 - 2010 is to implement the national target program on poverty reduction (CTMTQGGN). Perhaps the name itself and its mission has shown a step forward. Period 2006 - 2010 goal of reducing poverty, improving people's lives have become strategic issues as an important political task for any locality.
Target also a major challenge for the whole Party, the government and people of all levels across the province, requiring determination and mobilization of all resources. Implementation process has been concretized by Council Resolution No. 08/2006 of Yen Bai province on CTMTQGGN period from 2006 to 2010. Multiple solutions are deployed from the management of the implementation of programs directed to projects and specific programs for the poor, poor.
These are: group policies improve the quality of human resources, sustainable income generation, capacity building staff reduction; group projects to develop infrastructure in poor communes and poor areas; group projects in direct support of the poor development of sustainable integrated program 135 on poverty reduction; supports rapid and sustainable poverty reduction by Resolution dated 27/12/2008 30a/2008/NQ-CP . Solutions with more specific programs or projects have been implemented in a practical and efficient in the province.
Staff working for poverty alleviation is a key. Therefore, capacity building project staff working on poverty reduction in capital expenditure CTMTQGGN and support of international projects, from year 2006 - 2009, the province has the training capacity for 3214 staff working on poverty levels, the total cost more than $ 1.6 billion.
In 2010, plans to open seven training courses for 500 students at a cost of 360 million. This is one of the most important factor determining the success of the program. Therefore, the project has been implemented in earnest, through which the management capacity of staff especially in the highland areas with special difficulties have been raised, meet basic mission requirements .
Vocational training project for poor people began to be implemented from 2007, through four years of implementation from the provincial capital CTMTQGGN arranged over 2 billion 700 million for vocational training activities for the poor. The project was open 77 vocational classes in the district, town or city for the poor 2200. Particularly six months of 2010 has opened 15 training courses for 450 students with a total budget of 700 million deployed.
In addition, each year the province also allocated over 4 billion short-term vocational training from the 4200-4500 labor in rural areas. The vocational training, science and technology transfer focused on the areas of cultivation and processing of agricultural products, village health, husbandry and veterinary medicine, aquaculture, industrial sewing, electrical repairs. .. have direct impact on changing the lives of the poor, poor.
With industry knowledge and poor training have more chances to find jobs as labor export, or work in industrial parks, factories outside the province ... The extension projects - forestry - fishery production and development, career development with the aim of supporting the poor in knowledge and skills in planning, rational layout production, apply technical advances on production and consumption of products has achieved positive results. To date, over 400,000 poor households instructions on how to do business and support the development of production, the total funding to support the 138 billion. Many poor households were instructed how to do business, scientific and technical transfer has been applied to practical production, changes in the way of doing business, eliminate outdated farming practices.
Since it appears the models work efficiently escape from poverty, such as chicken farming gardening, raising cattle breeding semi-industrial, forest ... basically contribute to local jobs and improve lives. To date, more than four years of implementation the program can see the face of economic - society in poor communes and poor areas have had many changes. Projects in infrastructure construction in poor areas outside the 135 deployed in the province has invested in development of essential infrastructure for poor communes with a total investment of nearly 237 billion contract to build 170 projects.
Particularly in the first 6 months of 2010, the investment cost is estimated at over 15 billion. The construction items such as schools, clinics, clean water, irrigation has been built to promote the efficiency, thereby creating opportunities for the poor better access to social services. Or support development projects in poor communes (Community Fund) the period from 2006 to 2010 there were 23 poor investment with an average level of social support nearly 5.7 billion, total expenditures supporting over 130 billion.
The project was carried out to integrate the activities of the Project Sharing in poverty alleviation, resource mobilization per year over 40 billion, mainly to invest in the health sector, education, construction infrastructure, production and resource management ... All have made a new face on the poor countryside, so that people can improve conditions of life, children are learning in school, spacious and upgraded clinic with conditions better meet people's health care.
For the project team directly support the sustainable development of poor households through preferential credit policies for lending to poor households to develop production and business from the banking system, social policy has so far mobilized which reached over 1,076 billion VND 140% of the plan period, from 2006 to now, there are 61,463 poor households get loans with a loan of 8.4 million on average per household. On average each year from 14,000 to 15,000 turns of poor households approved for a loan. Loan capital has been the poor efficiency purposes are primarily invested in production development of households, housing, construction of clean water ...
Policies to support poor housing is a positive development with great movement and a hand on a positive level of the industry, unions and communities. It is clear movement houses, as "The Team", as "shelters" and most recently support for the poor scheme for housing under the Government's Decision 167. So far, the province has been to support 10,690 poor households to build and repair houses, 86,536 million of funding over 300% of capital mobilization plan for the whole period. In addition, a series of policies for the poor such as medical assistance for the poor, support for education, water and legal aid for the poor ...
According to assessment reports from the Department of Labour - Invalids and Social Affairs - specialized agencies of the Yen Bai provincial People's Committee monitoring the implementation of this program if the estimated poverty rate in 2010 reached 4%, the rate of poverty reduction during the period 2006 - 2010 has decreased from 34.71% in late 2005 to 11.74% in 2010, reaching 114.79% higher than planned.
Number of poor households decreased from 54,143 in 2005 to 22,152 households in 2010. These are significant numbers marked important achievements in poverty alleviation in particular and the socio-economic development of the province in general.
Most recently, the program supports the rapid and sustainable poverty reduction under the Government's Resolution 30a is deployed in two mountainous districts Tram Tau and Mu Cang Chai, with total resources in 7132 added a billion end conditions favorable for poverty alleviation in two mountainous districts of the province the hardest.
All programs, projects and solutions have been implemented to show the determination of the provinces in implementing CTMTQGGN period from 2006 to 2010. If the initial funding plan for the period was over 1384 billion as of 30/6/2010, the total resources mobilized for the program has reached over 2,437 billion, with 176% of the plan.
We have achieved rapid poverty reduction. But concern is the sustainability of it as poor households and poor households remain high arising annually. Improving the poverty problem will pose new tasks require a continued and more aggressive on the entire Party and people. In particular, committees, local government plays an important role in the development of specific solutions and practical implementation of poverty alleviation, promoting more efficient use of investment resources in the region high, deep.
More important is the role and the determination of the poverty rally. Because somewhere there are still poor, poor people are lazy by labor and capital used for wrong purposes, there are thought to expect, I back on the support of the State, there is no sense to rise up out of poverty ...
Therefore, it is necessary to promote the idea of thinking of the poor out of poverty, continue to promote investment of resources, focused on direct support for production development to income generation; care training vocational training for poor people is also one of the "rod" effective and practical for sustainable poverty reduction ... Rapid poverty reduction targets have enormous significance for the period 2006 - 2010, is the foundation for poverty alleviation in the province continues to achieve strong new direction in parallel with the target quickly and sustainably improve quality.
Together, the 135 program are integrated into the implementation of poverty reduction objectives of the province, so far invested a total of over 313 billion. Has focused on new construction, upgrading and repair of transport systems, irrigation, agricultural processing facilities - forest products, electricity networks, telephones, schools, clinics and other welfare projects other social ... Which has changed the basic system infrastructure of rural areas, high positive for production and life of ethnic minorities.
(Source: Yen Bai)
[Translator: Dao Hong Kim Trang]