Q: Dear Mr. Vice Chairman, he would make an overall assessment of the effectiveness of Program 135 (phase II) in the province after almost 5 years we implemented?
Vice Chairman Nguyen Van Son: Economic Development Program - Social in extremely difficult communes in mountainous and Decision No.: 07/2006/QD - TTg, dated 10/01/2006 of the Prime Minister Government (Programme 135 Phase II) in the province of Ha Giang is implemented in 123 communes and 93 villages in zone III to zone II in 11 communes in districts in the province. Chapter trinhduoc implemented on the basis of experiences drawn from the Program 135 Phase I, has met the aspirations of the majority of the people of ethnic groups in the province. After nearly five years of implementation has really come to life, made remarkable changes in the economic situation - the local society and the rural villages will benefit, improve and raise the standard of living nature, esprit tribesmen, the management capacity of commune officials and village has been gradually improved through the direct approach and an investor of the project components. In five years the total funding allocated to central province plans implementing the program was over 829 billion, of which the component produced, up to our province in 2010 was 123.450 billion Surgeons Affairs; support projects the construction of infrastructure are allocated on the Central 551.27 billion; project supports training and capacity building training of commune officials, village and community delivered nearly 32 billion Surgeons draft project support services, improving and increasing population songnhan, legal assistance to improve legal awareness Surgeons near 100 billion allocated to capital and maintenance works after the investment by T . Ư support over 26 billion ... to create conditions favorable to the districts to focus development support restructuring of crops, livestock, production development, positive way to reduce poverty effective. Percentage of poor households in the communes, the rural areas declined from 66.98% in 135 in 2006 to 34.21%, contributing to reducing the poverty rate in the province from 43.73% to 21.52% at the end 2009 the positive trend of development economics - society of the province the first 8 months, the poverty rate to below 16% will end in 2010. Có thể khẳng định Chương trình 135 giai đoạn II đã giúp người dân trong tỉnh nhanh chóng thoát nghèo một cách bền vững. Can confirm Phase II program has helped 135 people in the province out of poverty quickly in a sustainable way.
Reporter: Poverty rate in facilities benefiting the 135 program has plummeted to say the program's effectiveness. So, was implemented as to how to achieve the above, my comrade?
Vice Chairman Nguyen Van Son: Program 135 Phase II is a major policy of the Party and State, to further supplement and improve the objectives of the Program 135 Phase I. The objective of the program is: Thu wealth gap between regions in a sustainable way, creating conditions for people to access and apply science and technology to develop production and to reduce poverty, improve governance management and operation staff of communes and villages to meet the requirements of industrialization - modernization of rural agriculture. Aware of the problem should date from 2006, when implementation began actively submit PPC Provincial Council issued a resolution on the allocation criteria for capital investment in both the 2006-2010 period. Decentralization to the commune level as an investor is thoroughly serious implementation guidance. There has been subject to social 123/123 communes with special difficulties play a role as an investor. The province has clearly defined hierarchy, not overlapping, in accordance with qualifications and management capacity of commune and villages. Specially made very clear shift of all levels, sectors and localities to promote the social hierarchy as an investor. Some districts are assigned the task solutions for those departments directly under the social assistance in the management and direct program implementation. Besides, every year, the province plans to hold early assignment was to create conditions for the district, the investor initiative in performing their tasks. Especially during implementation, Program 135 Phase II focused on the planning method is the involvement of local people. Because this is the method of implementation of the policy contribute to democracy, openness and rule the people know, people discuss, people do, people monitor and people benefit out of the Government. If planning based on realistic goals and meet the needs of her children and community people, people are discussing plans to participate, then everyone is excited, because I know what to do, working for whom and what are the benefits. If the consulting discuss the results of the implementation will achieve the same goal, all excited and contribute to the implementation process and make these products and products that really are of all people. Conversely, in the planning stage without the participation of people contribute, then people will wonder what to do, how ... deployment therefore will not enthusiastic participation and if there is a lack of participation will be positive. With this the democracy regulations are implemented effectively and promote extensive, on the other hand the cooperation between the investor to monitor the supervisory board has always been highly cooperative. In addition, to implement effective and timely goals of the program, PPC has instructed relevant agencies, continue to organize training courses, to thoroughly understand the program content for members objects PSC district and commune project management, accounting staff in the commune budget management and the disbursement of the program; synthesis training, assessment and report forms under Decision 08/8/2008 04/QD-UBDT day of the CEM ... From how to implement strict, science should be 135 Phase II program was designed to promote efficiency in the province of Ha Giang.
Reporter: If you talk briefly about the Programme 135 Phase II chise contract say?
Vice Chairman Nguyen Van Son: Investment in facilities and directly to poor households located in villages, communes with special difficulties; implement the investment plan with the participation of people at the grassroots level, and decentralized to the basis for implementing the initiative on the basis of the principle of "communes and villages (the original) can work, people have jobs and incomes." Programme 135 Phase II in the process of implementation in the province have to attract, arouse the participation of numerous relatives of ethnic people, especially those living in poor communities; Programs program has helped many poor families in the province is clearly a special concern of the Party, State and local governments to ethnic minorities in mountainous, remote areas in achieving economic development - social, poverty alleviation, helping poor and ethnic people understand more about the environment where they live, identify problems and causes the difficulty of his village () themselves and their commune, which focused discussion and actively develop specific solutions to overcome difficulties and strive to life in a sustainable way. This is one of the most effective that 135 Phase II program in the province have achieved in the implementation of the investment process.
Reporter: Thank you Mr. Vice Chairman!
According to Duc Dung
(Source: Ha Giang)
[Translator: Nguyen Thi Huong]